FOUNDATION OF TAJ MAHAL

    First thing that occurs in mind of people could be as simple as from being Symbol of love, A mausoleum of Shah Jahan’s Beloved Wife, One among Seven Wonders of World, White Marble Structure with rare glare and beauty to as complex as being a Tej-O-Mahalaya- a Shiva Temple Seized and Converted By Shah Jahan according to a theory given by Shri P.N.Oak.

 Well I am here nor to discuss anything from above neither wants to dig out the stories of magnificent treasure that it was said to be embedded by this great Structure once upon a time.
This post is to make you aware that one of the Seven Wonders of World- ‘Taj Mahal’ is built on a foundation which is supported by gigantic wooden slabs built over deep wells.
Now a curious and sensible mind will quickly raise a question that how is it possible when it is in very basic nature of wood to ‘swell’ under excessive moisture content?
Yeah, that is quite true but not the complete fact!
Some Observations and Key Points that have been noticed by me with respect to Taj Mahal and its Wood Foundation are listed below-

Technical Points

  • Different woods exhibit different moisture stability.
  • According to experts wood fibres are dimensionally stable when the moisture content is above fibre saturation points i.e. above 30%. But it experiences a disrupts in dimensions or swells if moisture content tends to show an increase or decrease phenomenon.

General Points

  • According to Surveys and Studies carried out by ASI- Archaeological Survey of India, it is believed that ‘ebony’s wood’ was used in the construction of foundation and the reference to the same can be found in many books on historical monument.
  • One more precise but extremely technical detail that was put to use in wooden foundation is that -“it is only the combined action of water and air present in environment that’s deteriorate the wood. Neither of them alone have the capacity enough to deteriorate wood by virtue of their action. 
  • Wooden part of foundation lies well below the river Yamuna and it is the secret that wood used therein is still have the necessary strength or bearing capacity to carry on the weight of Superstructure-Taj Mahal.
  • If we talk w.r.t Hindu Science of Elements- Ebony is the only wood known to have Elemental Association with all the five elements-air, water,earth,fire and sky. 
  • Also, since Ebony has a very high density its easily sink in water.
One can easily notice how ancient people have used general properties of a building material to their advantage and gave the world a structure of immense beauty, Taj Mahal.The motive behind this post is to make you realize that our ancestors were far more scientifically knowledgeable than we are today and if we combine this knowledge with our today’s technological capability … I can only say that it will be a step to next phase of evolution and growth.

The Taj Mahal will collapse within five years

The Taj Mahal will collapse within five years unless urgent action is taken to shore up its foundations, campaigners have warned.

The 358-year-old marble mausoleum is India’s most famous tourist attraction, bringing four million visitors a year to the northern city of Agra.

But the river crucial to its survival is being blighted by pollution, industry and deforestation.

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In danger: The Taj Mahal, near Agra in India. Experts have said it could be in danger of collapsing within five years because its wooden foundations are rotting

Campaigners believe the foundations have become brittle and are disintegrating.

Cracks appeared last year in parts of the tomb, and the four minarets which surround the monument are showing signs of tilting.

The Taj Mahal was built by Mogul emperor Shah Jahan, who was grief-stricken by the death of his wife Mumtaz Mahal in childbirth.

Its romantic image has attracted film stars and royalty, including Princess Diana, who posed in front of the building after the breakdown of her marriage to Prince Charles.

A campaign group of historians, environmentalists and politicians say time is running out to prevent a ‘looming crisis’.

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Architectural wonder: The 358-year-old tomb is built on mahogany post foundations sunk into wells fed by the nearby Yamuna River. That river has now run dry, and cracks appeared in the walls last year

Ramshankar Katheria, the MP for Agra who is leading the campaign, said: ‘If the crisis is not tackled on a war-footing, the Taj Mahal will cave in between two and five years.

‘The architectural wonder of the world is losing its shine, and if this persists the minarets may also collapse since the wooden foundation – beneath the wells – is rotting due to lack of water.

‘No one has been allowed to go into the foundations for the last three decades. If everything is fine, what have they got to hide?’

Professor Ram Nath, a historian who is one of the world’s leading authorities on the Taj, said: ‘The Taj stands just on the edge of the river Yamuna which has now dried up.

‘This was never anticipated by its builders. The river is a constituent of its architectural design and if the river dies, the Taj cannot survive.’

 Attraction:
The Taj Mahal, built by Mugal emperor Shah Jahan after the death of his wife Mumtaz Mahal in childbirth, gets around four million visitors a year

The Yamuna River has fallen victim to India’s soaring growth.

Large numbers of businesses draw water from the Yamuna upstream of the Taj.

Pollution has increased as trees have been cut down to make way for new roads.

The trees also protected the city from the worst effects of regular dust storms which now blow over the Taj unimpeded.

Mr Katheria said: ‘The Taj has been enveloped by a smokescreen of dust for the past few years.

‘Every year, the water level is coming down by five feet, raising fears of turning the entire area barren.

‘Besides, there is an acute shortage of drinking water in Agra. Around 70 per cent of the population is drinking impure water, and consequently suffering from several health hazards.’

The Taj is built on a raised platform on top of a hillock, which is based on wells underneath.

The four 40ft high minarets balance the platform, and are designed to tilt slightly outwards, to prevent them crashing on top of the tomb in an earthquake.

Mr Katheria said around £71million is needed to construct a barrage on the river.

Environmental campaigners also believe a tree-planting campaign and a water pipeline may improve the situation.

The sinking water level is also affecting India’s capital, New Delhi, which is at risk of suffering water shortages.

The Indian government has set up body to deal with the Taj Mahal’s preservation.

Officials connected with eight projects say the national and state governments are now working together to deal with the issue.

BB Awasthi, regional officer of the Uttar Pradesh Pollution Control Board, said: ‘These projects have been held up since 2003 for want of funds.’

He said he expected the projects ‘would receive top priority treatment’.


source- dailymail

scientific history

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